Difference Between Ferrous and Nonferrous Metals

Difference Between Ferrous and Nonferrous Metals

There are two types of metals- ferrous and non-ferrous. The basic difference between ferrous and non-ferrous can be identified by the presence of iron. There are many other basic indicators which differentiate between ferrous and non-ferrous.

Ferrous vs Nonferrous Metals

Ferrous and nonferrous Metals have several differences. In the following table, the main differences between ferrous and nonferrous Metals are given:

  Ferrous Metals Ferrous Metals
1 Ferrous indicates the presence of iron in a bivalent state. Non-ferrous metals do not contain any iron.
2 As ferrous contains iron, it shows magnetic feature. Non-ferrous metals don’t show any magnetic feature which means it’s non-magnetic.
3 Ferrous metals are less resistant to corrosion. Non-ferrous metals are more resistant to corrosion
4 One special feature of ferrous metals is it possesses high tensile strength and durability. One special feature of non-ferrous metals is their malleability.
5 Ferrous metals can be oxidized. Non-ferrous metals cannot be oxidized.
6 The usage of ferrous metals ushered in the iron age. Non-ferrous metals are ushered in the bronze age.
7 Some ferrous metals are- vehicle scrap metal, demolition site scrap metal, metal offcuts from manufacturing industries. Some non-ferrous metals are-aluminum and aluminum alloys, copper, brass, lead, zinc, stainless steel, electronic cable etc
8 Ferrous metals are used – cutlery, kitchen equipment, ball bearings etc. Non-ferrous metals are used- water pipes, electrical wire, decorative goods, soft solder etc.
9 Ferrous metal includes mild steel, carbon steel, stainless steel, cast iron and wrought iron. Non-ferrous metals are used where their difference from ferrous metals can provide an advantage.
10 Ferrous metals make up the most recycled materials in the world As per the recycling goes, many non-ferrous materials are relatively scarce.
11 Ferrous scrap metals tend to be in good supply. Non-ferrous scraps are harder to come by.
12 The price of ferrous metal tends to be lower. Prices of non-ferrous metals are greater than ferrous metals
13 Ferrous reaction- 4Fe + 3O2+ 6H2O = 4Fe(OH)3 Non-ferrous reaction- 2 Cu (s) + O2 (g) —> 2 CuO (s)